Day 2 – Tuesday 8 December Track 4: Power to the people!
Power to the data: persistent identifiers
Gijsbert Kruithof is information architect at the National Archives of the Netherlands.
He is involved in the Digital Heritage Network (NDE) as project manager for the advancement and implementation of persistent identifiers in cultural heritage institutions
“The persistence of references to digital objects is a precondition for the use and reuse of cultural heritage”
Having access to the digital data of cultural heritage institutions is one of the main ways to give power to the people. Digital data of cultural heritage are valuable to the public. The data can be used for research, websites, databases and new innovative applications. Unfortunately most heritage institutions do not yet meet the basic preconditions. The data is often not openly accessible and also another important prerequisite is not met. The digital objects often have no long lasting fixed reference yet. URL’s and web addresses change. Some digital objects that were referenced in Europeana and other portals can no longer be found. These links to the digital objects have become dead links.
There is a simple solution to this problem and that is the use of Persistent Identifiers. (PIDs). See, for example the image of Rembrandts ‘Jewish bride’. If a digital object has a Persistent Identifier it can always be found, even if the url changes. The Dutch Digital Heritage Network (NDE) will start a project to advance the use of Persistent Identifiers. In this project heritage institutions cooperate to realize Persistent Identifiers in a simple and affordable way. Collaboration is also sought with European partners such as the European Persistent Identifier Consortium (EPIC), so that consistency and continuity is guaranteed on a European level.
In this DISH Poster Session the NDE project will be explained and you will be invited to join.
Originally from Slovakia, Dorota Bachrata studies French and English philology in Czech Republic. She works for Artzoom as a translator/interpreter plus idea maker. She believes the conservation of the abstract and immaterial is as important as that of the concrete and material. Her interests include reading, writing, cognitive science, digital storage, poetry, and biology.
“Artzoom studio focuses on the use of modern technologies for the purpose of documentation, presentation and protection of artifacts. The method of 3D digitalization has an increasing influence on protecttion of cultural heritage, as well as a new teaching strategies. We attempt to use it to create new methods of communication and enable better access to education.”
The range of possibilities how to use new technology in the field of digitalization of cultural heritage is huge. We would like to share our ideas about how to use 3D scanning and 3D printing in educational tourism. The digitalization of cultural heritage is connected to an unlimited access to information. Thanks to new technology, it is possible to present the viewer with this information in a fun way that is not limited just to the virtual world – their computer. The project “Digital Re-sculpt” with which studio Artzoom was nominated for the IK Prize held by Tate Britain is concerned with the possibilities of presenting digitally enlarged art replicas made via the technology of 3D printing and 3D scanning. These replicas are then placed in public spaces. This creates a new context for the artworks, a new interaction with the public, and new possibilities for educational tourism. This outdoor exposition of enlarged sculptures creates an uncommon learning experience where anyon e can immediately react to these important works of art. With the help of a computer application that is included in the project, the viewer can engage in discovering artworks on a tourist trail and access textual information about the artwork from their smartphone or tablet. Placing the enlarged replicas of famous artworks from regional galleries into public areas offers a different experience of discovering new destinations and the cultural heritage of the given local region. The whole project “Digital Re-sculpt” is available to download at www.artzoom.cz/en.
Enriching and Visualising Heterogeneous Cultural Content Recommendations
Werner Bailer received a degree in Media Technology and Design in 2002 for his diploma thesis on motion estimation and segmentation for film/video standards conversion. His research interests include digital film restoration, audiovisual content analysis and retrieval as well as multimedia metadata. He has many years of experience in international research projects in the area of multimedia content analysis and digital preservation. He has made contributions to the definition the Europeana Data Model (in particular concerning the representation of audiovisual media) and regularly participates in metadata related standardization efforts in EBU/AMWA FIMS, MPEG and the W3C.
“… to boldly bring digital cultural heritage, where no one has brought it before.”
In order to reach a wider audience with the wealth of cultural resources that have been made available by GLAM institutions, the EEXCESS project is developing a framework that brings such resources to a user’s well-known digital environment, such as frequently visited websites, blogging tools or educational applications. This is done by recommending cultural resources from Europeana and providers’ own portals, based on the current working or learning context of the user. In order to do this successfully, two ingredients are important: enrichment and visualisation.
Many institutions are still very cautious which metadata they make available on public portals, and strip them down to the minimum required. There may be expert generated metadata, which is perfectly correct and curated. Automatic semantic enrichment, using the resources of linked open data, can help to fill in missing metadata to make use of the cultural object, and to translate in-house annotations into user understandable terms. Finally, it helps to enable to bring objects from different collections into relation.
In order to grasp heterogeneous cultural resources recommended to the user, advanced visualisation techniques are needed, in order to show – among others – the geographic, temporal and topical range of the resources and allow drilling down to a subset most relevant for the user by applying filters on various facets. The EEXCESS prototypes implement many of these.
innl, ’cause you’re worth it
Geert-Jan Procee is the director of Oneindig Noord-Holland. Getting history to the people, attractively – that’s his mission. Heritage has no use sitting around. It should be accessible and accessed by many. And the way to get history into the hearts and minds is through stories. These stories are told on Oneindig Noord-Holland and on innl.nl.
Geert-Jan has a background in educational and cultural policy at the Netherlands ministry of Education, Culture and Science, the National Archives of The Netherlands and the Dutch Council for Culture. He also has a passion for rhetoric.
Our past has formed our present. Our present is the platform from which we build our future. Connections between objects, persons, locations, memories and stories breathe life into heritage. Innl forges connections between those connections. And thus we make it possible for every person to get to know more about their surroundings, about the past and the present. And this, in turn, makes it possible for cultural heritage institutions to tell stories beyond their own collections, to make money beyond their own means, to add value beyond their own boundaries.
Innl is a way to collaborate, a way to give heritage to the people, a way to tell stories. More money, more users, more heritage. Connected to the national strategy for digital heritage.
This poster explores how innl can help heritage institutions to gain a larger audience giving and receiving more value with less effort.
Many organisations reach out to the audience with digital heritage stories. By bringing these efforts together in an easy to use manner cultural heritage will be more accessible, better available and more profitable. Our heritage is a treasure trove. How can we better utilize that?